Peer reviewed research evidence papers
Limber, Susan P. “Implementation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program in
American Schools: Lessons Learned from the Field.” In Bullying in American
Schools: A Social-Ecological Perspective on Prevention and Intervention, edited by
Dorothy L. Espelage and Susan M. Swearer, 351–63. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates, 2004.
Limber, Susan P., Maury Nation, Allison J. Tracy, Gary B. Melton, and Vicki Flerx.
“Implementation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Programme in the Southeastern
United States.” In Bullying in Schools: How Successful Can Interventions Be? edited
by Peter K. Smith, Debra Pepler, and Ken Rigby, 55–79. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge
University Press, 2004.
Nansel, Tonja R., Mary Overpeck, Ramani S. Pilla, W. June Ruan, Bruce Simons-Morton,
and Peter Scheidt. “Bullying Behaviors Among US Youth: Prevalence and Association
with Psychosocial Adjustment.” Journal of the American Medical Association 285, no.
16 (April 25, 2001): 2094–2100.
Olweus, Dan. “Bullying/Victim Problems in School: Facts and Intervention.” European
Journal of Psychology of Education 12, no. 4 (1997): 495–510.
Solberg, Mona E., and Dan Olweus. “Prevalence Estimation of School Bullying with the
Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire.” Aggressive Behavior 29 (2003): 239–68.
Has a cost benefit study been undertaken and published?
Cost benefit study - Please provide references
The Cost Benefit of Bullying Prevention: A First-Time Look at Savings, prepared by the Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention at the Windber Research Institute, is an outgrowth of the Foundation’s ongoing bullying prevention initiative. It looks at the financial impact that could be anticipated based on the expansion of the Foundation-funded implementation of the evidence-based OBPP over a three-year period and in the 49 Pennsylvania counties it serves. It meets a specific need for investigation into the cost benefits of investing in bullying prevention programs.
The Foundation is not alone in its pursuit of answers to the financial ramifications of bullying. The Economic Impact of School Violence: A Report for Plan International cites the lack of studies addressing return-on investment or cost-benefit analyses of violence prevention programs. A recent report prepared for the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention asserts that the cost benefits of anti-bullying programs are needed to show how much money is saved for the money expended and that “saving money is a powerful argument to convince policy makers and practitioners to implement intervention programs.” The first of its kind conducted in the U.S., this cost-benefit analysis (CBA) demonstrates the potential for significant cost benefits from three perspectives: schools,
health care and society.
Reports detailing outcomes can be accessed through www.highmarkfoundation.org.